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    The salt pan area in Nubia, Trapani
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    Citrons and tangerins at the market in Catania
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    A corner of the 18th century village of Marzamemi, Syracuse
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    The stunning Scala dei Turchi near Realmonte, Agrigento
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    A colorful wall again in Marzamemi, Syracuse
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    Local folklore in the Medieval town of Gangi, Madonie area

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The ancient age, the Greek colonization


From the first inhabitants, the Sicans and Sicels of unknown origin, to the Greeks and the Phoenicians, between whom the indigenous Elymian population was compressed, the co-ordinates of universal history found in the island an irreplaceable point of intersection.

The Siculians arrived during the 13th c. B.C. and dominated during the “Pantalica period” which takes its name from one of the most representative villages located in Syracuse area.
The two great powers that dominated the Mediterranean basin and gave origins to two great thalassocratic empires came into direct contact in Sicily.

The Phoenicians, whose colonization dates back to the 8th c. B.C., left their presence mainly in the western part of the island where they founded a series of towns to control the coasts to the South (Mozia and Marsala) and to the North (Palermo and Solunto).

The Greeks landed on the eastern coasts of the island and founded colonies at Catania, Syracuse, Gela and Agrigento even if according to ancient historical sources, Naxos was the first Greek city, founded in 734 B.C. by the Chalcidenses. Syrakusai (Syracuse) was founded in 733 B.C. and Akragas (Agrigento) in 581 B.C.. The Hellenising process can be defined as completed between the 7th and the 6th centuries B.C., also in the inland areas except for the northwest corner still occupied by the Phoenicians and Elymi. The 6th and the 5th centuries were the era of the tyrants who took advantage of the troubled times to seize the power and struggle for trading supremacy.

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